Exploring coral reef in North Maluku Seascape

On April, 22 Wildlife Conservation Society Marine Program conducted ecology survey in four region in North Maluku province, namely Mare Island, Widi Island, Kayoa Island and Morotai Island. This activity is collaboration with USAID Sea Project for collecting marine baseline surveys to assess the health of diverse coral reefs. The five-year USAID SEA Project provides support for the Government of Indonesia in marine conservation and sustainable fisheries management in Maluku, North Maluku and West Papua.

At this moment, high pressure to coastal ecosystem especially from destructive fishing and increasing of global warming has led to degradation of coral reef ecosystem across in Indonesia especially in the last year 2016. So the need of establish MPA (marine protected area) will help protect and manage the unique biodiversity, fisheries and other ecosystem services the seascape provides.

The dive team had collected  52 location of baseline data on the abundance and diversity of corals and fish species, as well as key invertebrates such as sea cucumbers which are an important source of livelihood for local communities. Our observation found that several locations was threatened by destructive fishing.  This is common problem that led to degradation of coral reef across in Indonesia even though there are hope and optimism, as long as we conducted the survey, the team also found a number of marine mega fauna likes shark, manta ray cleaning stations, thurtle and dolphins in several location. Hard coral cover is recorded has >60% percen cover in several location of area study.  Finally, MPA that will be created in the North Maluku we hope can reduce threats by separat­ing conflicting uses, protecting important fishing areas (e.g., spawning aggregation sites) and also promoting sustainable fisheries.

Beautiful of Coral Reef

Some pictures that i had collected from the first time, I was starting of study about of coral reef. In my deepest heart, I am always always so excited when I can give some of contribute in conservation of coral reef in Indonesia.

Honolulu, Hawaii

My first time attending international coral reef symposium (ICRS) in Honolulu, Hawaii. For this conference, I was presenting about the effectiveness of management marine protected area based on study from Karimunjawa National Park. This is very awesome experience when we can meet with scientiest with the same interest in coral reef management from all around the world.

 

 

Belajar dan menjaga ekosistem bawah laut di Desa Bahoi

Bahoi, itulah nama salah satu desa yang berada di Kabupaten Minahasa Utara. Sebagai salah satu desa yang memploklamirkan kegiatan wisata laut yang berbasiskan konservasi. Konservasi di sini diartikan sebagai salah tindakan menjaga dengan  menyisihkan sebagian area yang dibentuk menjadi daerah perlindungan laut  dengan harapan sumberdaya yang ada bisa dijaga dan dikelola secara arif dan berkelanjutan. Pada awalnya tahun 1999, desa ini jadi satu di antara 31 desa di kawasan pesisir yang diarahkan sebagai wilayah Daerah Perlindungan Laut (DPL). Melalui program Coastal Resources Management Project (CRMP), warga desa mendapat sejumlah sosialisasi dan kegiatan.

Pagi ini saya coba merangkai sedikit cerita yang saya dapat ketika melakukan kunjungan ke desa tersebut dalam rangka kegiatan penelitian terhadap beberapa desa yang sudah pernah didampingi sebelumnya oleh WCS. Beberapa DPL yang kami survei, yaitu DPL Pulisan, DPL Tarabitan, DPL Tambun dan DPL Tanah Putih. tidak termasuk DPL di daerah Bahoi.

Perjumpaan dengan Dugong

Hari pertama setelah beres kegiatan survei di DPL Tanah Putih, ketika kapal kecil yang kami naiki mulai memasuki wilayah Bahoi. Anis, salah seorang teman yang menemani kami survei berteriak bahwa dia melihat seekor dugong tampak sekelebat dugong tersebut terlihat di permukaan. agak sulit memang untuk mendekat secara hewan ini sedikit pemalu terhadap manusia. Beberapa lokasi yang kami temui terlihat kondisi ekologis masih terlihat cukup baik, meskipun kerusak yang ditemukan masih ada.

Bahoi yang merupakan salah satu desa yang masih menjaga ekositem lautnya memang perlu didukung dan dijaga lebih lanjut mengingat kekayaan dan keanekaragaman hayati laut yang masih cukup alami berupa hamparan ekosistem mangrove dan terumbu karang, selain itu spesies kunci seperti dugong yang masih sering terlihat di desa tersebut merupakan salah satu spesies yang mesti dijaga dan dilindungi.  mengingat status  IUCN mengklasifikasikan dugong sebagai spesies hewan yang terancam, manakala CITES melarang atau mengharamkan perdagangan barang-barang produksi yang dihasilkan dari hewan ini. Walau pun spesies ini dilindungi di beberapa negara, penyebab utama penurunan populasinya di antaranya ialah karena pembukaan lahan baru, perburuan, kehilangan habitat serta kematian yang secara tidak langsung disebabkan oleh aktivitas nelayan dalam menangkap ikan.

 

 

Conservation effort in Gili Banta and Kelapa island

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In Juny 2015, after finished the survey in Takabonerate Marine national park. Me and team continued to conducted ecological baseline data. This activity was suported by WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) and  local government  especially from marine and fisheries agency in Bima regency. They also joined and followed the team to stayed in Kelapa and Gili Banta Island.

WCS had been worked in Lombok and Sumbawa island since 2012. it  was started from conducted ecological and socio economic survey in Gili Matra (Trawangan, Air and Meno). Today we are support to establish marine protected area in Bima and Dompu regency. This survey had a target to documentated marine biodiversity, and also documentated condition of coral reef especially in Bima and Dompu region. As a part of region in lesser sunda Bima and Dompu played importance roles as an area nursery ground and habitat for 76 % marine species and also area for habitat marine mamals. This area was threatened by destructive fishing use the fish bombing and poison. this activity is really damaged for ecosystem of coral reef and it wouldnt to ensure sustainable fisheries in this region.

the next day, When we dive in Gili Banta and Kelapa island we found manta, a marine biota charismatic species. This species was threatened from targeting commerce and ilegal catching. I can see this species swam in the water surface and tried to approach the boat. and luckily i had a chance to capture the photos. Today we face the big  challenge, as far as i know there are many demand from the foreign country for the fish gills. In 2014 by decision number 4 Indonesia through marine and fisheries ministry of Indonesia had regulated the laws about assignment status full protection of Manta Ray.  Meanwhile  from international regulation in convention cites (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna) this species was category appendix II with status endangered.

Finally we need to better understanding about our oceans. The conservation effort through establish marine protected area is the main necessity to ensure and protected our coastal area and marine species who living in it.

Rinjani punya cerita

Danau Segara Anakan

Danau Segara Anakan

Pertama kali lihat kemegahannya adalah tahun 2013 ketika itu saya sedang melakukan survei terumbu karang di Gili Sulat,saya menengok ke arah kanan dan kiri dua gunung menjulang tinggi satu di Pulau Lombok (Rinjani)  dan satu lagi di Pulau Sumbawa (Tambora). Teman saya bercerita kalau kamu ke Lombok belum lengkap rasanya sebelum mencoba untuk naik ke sana. Berpikir sejenak, apakah saya bisa???

Bulan Mei 2015 

Bertepatan dua hari libur ke jepit saya memberanikan diri untuk berjalan ke luar bukan ke laut dan bukan juga kerjaan, yap melihat kemegahan istana Dewi Anjani, sebuah gunung kokoh berdiri megah di Pulau Lombok dengan ketinggian 3726 di atas permukaan laut. Banyak yang bilang gunung ini merupakan salah satu gunung tercantik di Indonesia, ungkapan yang bukan pemanis saja.

Gunung Rinjani memang surganya petualang, sebab disini ada semua yang di gunung lain tak ada hehe. Beberapa aktivitas lain bisa kita coba di sini seperti memancing ikan di Danau Segara Anakan. Baik ketika memulai perjalanan melalui jalur Sembalun maupun Senaru mata akan selalu dimanjakan oleh indahnya hamparan savana luas, selain itu ada satu rute yang sanggat saya sukai ketika berjalan turun dari Pelawangan Sembalun menuju ke Danau Segara Anakan berupa batu besar di sini kita bisa melihat hamparan tebing-tebing gunung membentuk sebuah lubang dengan satu pandangan besar berupa Danau Segara Anakan, meskipun sedikit lelah dan capai semuanya terbayarkan oleh Cantiknya paras Dewi Anjani. Sekali lagi Rinjani memberikan saya satu pelajaran berharga bahwa sebuah gunung bukanlah untuk ditaklukan tapi bagaimana kita bisa menaklukan diri sendiri untuk bersikap wajar dan tidak sombong yang pasti tetap mawas diri.

Sekali lagi Terima kasih kepada teman-teman Penggiat Alam Bebas serta kepada mas Budi Trayantoro yang mau berbaik hati membagikan sebagian foto kamera nya untuk saya tuliskan di sini.. satu lagi jangan buang sampah sembarangan ya.

Taka Bonerate National Park, The World’s 3rd Largest Atoll Reef

Taman nasional Takabonerate merupakan salah satu lokasi taman nasional yang hampir sebagian lokasinya berupa lautan, dengan luas wilayah sebesar 530.765 ha menjadikan Takabonerate sebagai salah satu lokasi terumbu karang atoll ketiga di dunia setelah Kwajilein atoll dan Suvadiva Atolls keduanya berada di Kepulauan Marshall.  Taman nasional Takabonerate juga merupakan salah satu lokasi yang cukup populer dikalangan travel, salah satu lokasi yang banyak dijadikan tujuan destinasi wisata adalah Pulau Tinabo.

Sekedar informasi tambahan untuk menuju ke sini diperlukan waktu yang tidak singkat setibanya di Benteng,Selayar, kita diharuskan untuk menuju Pelabuhan Patumbukan menggunakan jalur darat kurang lebih 1,5-2 jam. Lalu dari sini bisa menggunakan kapal masyarakat yang bisa di sewa untuk langsung menuju ke kawasan Taman Nasional (Pulau Tinabo) dengan waktu perjalanan kurang lebih 5-6 jam.

Pulau Tinabo 

Pulau Tinabo merupakan salah satu pulau yang banyak dijadikan sebagai tempat destinasi wisata, jika kamu menyukai suasana sepi jauh dari hiruk pikuk kota dengan tiga aktifitas wisata yang bisa kamu lakukan di sini adalah wisata selam (diving), snorkling, dan bermain cano. Kalau kamu suka fotografi, kamu bisa mengabadikan sunrise dan sunset setiap harinya, selain itu ada hal unik yang bisa kamu temukan di sini  yaitu bermain bersama baby black thip shark yang bermain-main tiap harinya di pesisir pulau.

Ekspedisi Takabonerate

Dengan banyaknya ancaman terhadap sumberdaya pesisir menuntut adanya ketersediaan data terkait kondisi ekologi terumbu karang. Database terkait kondisi sumberdaya pesisir merupakan salah satu input yang dibutuhkan sebagai alat dalam penentu kebijakan yang sudah ada. Berangkat dari kebutuhan tersebut WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) bersama pihak pengelola kawasan Balai Taman Nasional Takabonerate melakukan dua kajian utama berupa survei sosial ekonomi untuk melihat persepsi masyarakat di wilayah Taman Nasional terkait sumberdaya pesisir serta kajian ekologi terumbu karang sebagai langkah awal dalam memetakan kondisi terkini terkait kondisi terumbu karang di Taman Nasional Takabonerate. Kegiatan ini sendiri bertajuk Ekspedisi Takabonerate yang sudah dilakukan pada tanggal  6-30 April.

Indonesia Explore : South East Moluccas

Indonesia Explore : South East Moluccas

A Beautiful Coral Reef When we were sailing From Maumere to Saumlaki

A natural coral which is a little disturbance from human (C) Janine

Indonesia is a large island from Weh to Merauke, with so many island especially in east region, mostly for ecological data for coral reef and socio-economic aspect is very limited, but actually this data is needed to developed some marine protected area to ensure sustainibiity food and protected the biodiversity. Maluku Barat Daya (South West Moluccas) Is an area where located in South West Moluccas. There were so many island here likes Alor (East Nusa Tenggara), Nyata, Babar, Moa, Wetar, Romang. So WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) and WWF (World Wildlife Fund) were collaborated for  conducted and collected ecological data for coral reef and reef fish.this activitiy was participated by 6 people, i.e. Khaifin “Iping”, Taufik “Opik” Abdillah (WWF-Indonesia), Stuart Campbell, Fakhrizal “Ubun” Setiawan, Nils Krueck and me Sukmaraharja. I Just want to give you some a little description in forgotten island. It was excited when you found group of schooling lutjanid, Acanthurid in the water, and the sea fans, soft coral, and hard coral is really awesome and colorfull. Sometimes you found schooling barracuda, and I was quite lucky when I found a schooling barracuda and hammerhead shark.

In this trip we start sailing  from Maumere-Alor- to Saumlaki in South East Molucas (Yamdena Island, Tanimbar). From this journey I have noted about what species has been found and what does interest for each of site. Here was my noted.

Clownfish valley

This site was located in Alor region, this location was really calm with good visibility and so many clownfish lived in anemone with symbiosize mutualism. This location really colorful with so many soft coral and good visibility and the water was really cool.

Alor Region – west coast of Wetar

At the afternoon when we haeding to Wetar, and we tryied to come out from Alor, we see amazed  pilot, I expected  maybe  fifty dolphins were swiming in the behind a boat Ondina. Next trip we sailed to West Wetar, in this location is one of perfect area with good visibility water and colorful sea fans, normally we always did see napoleon wrasse, trevallies. and I heard after finishing dived on the site about water crocodile from boat crew, Fortunately none of the divers encountered it underwater, but it was really scary!!

Grouper Fate

So, the question is why do we called this site with grouper fate??

The atoll around the islands of Amortaun and Materialam proved to have some of the finest diving in the region. We dived the NW point early in the morning on day 8 and were greeted by scores of leopard groupers, as well as a large school of Bumphead parrotfish, Second dive on the west side of the atoll was similar, with the same aggregations of groupers, napoleon wrasses and a nurse shark.  

A couple of fishing boats we met told us every year massive aggregations of leopard grouper occur in this area. Spawning Aggregation Sites (SPAGs) of grouper. Accroding to the fishermen, on August – November fishermen can catch 3 – 4 tons of grouper in just two weeks in this area (Richard Buxo notes)

Finally we dived for 28 samples, and my journey has been finished in Saumlaki, Tanimbar.. I have resumed from this trip

  1. There are so many high abundance and biomass which was found frequently of each site. High biodiversity was represented low disturbante especially from people activity likes bombing or potassium
  2. Good condition for coral cover, mostly with soft coral and the flow and visibility is goof for tourism activity.
  3. Aspect socio-economic is needed to observe perspective from local people and what is the issues and problems to develop MPA.

with so highly for abundance and biomass of reef fish and a good condition of coral reef I think South West Mollucas is must be protected as marine protected area But unfornutelly I see the big problem about so difficult acess to come to here, and it was also admitted by local people when we tried to talk to him, he just give opinion so difficult acess for children to school and to down town, and for gasoline is really high prizes. Marine Ministries of Fisheries (MMAF) Republic Indonesia has a target to achieve 20 ha (hectares)  Marine Protected area in 2020, So it will be challenged for Indonesia to develop some MPA here with so many limitedness and hard to acess area.